Understanding and Using Linked Data – Libraries, Archives, and Museums (LAM) as the contributors and consumers of Linked Data
Linked Data, a term coined by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in his design note regarding the Semantic Web architecture[i], refers to a set of best practices for publishing, sharing, and interlinking structured data on the Web. Linked Data is about using the Web to connect related data formerly isolated in small or large repositories (often called “silos”) and not previously linked, including the data produced by libraries, achieves, and museums (LAM). Linked Data is also about using the Web to lower the barriers to link data that have previously only been brought together using other more cumbersome methods.[ii] The Linked Data wave has already pushed LAMs to the forefront of innovative services. The LAMs are being sought to contribute their data and metadata to the Linked Open Data (LOD) universe. In addition to their roles as contributors, there is another role for LAMs: as users of Linked Data. This talk gives a brief review of the Linked Data principles and provides an overview of the resources in the CKAN Data Hub (including LAM contributed data). It will explain the different levels of Linked Data resources according to Sir Tim Berners-Lee’s ‘Five Star’ requirements using examples. It will also share the findings of the W3C Linked Library Data Incubator Group final reports[iii] and a project of the researcher that is funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS).
Marcia Lei Zeng is Professor of Library and Information Science at Kent State University. She holds a Ph.D. from the School of Information Sciences at University of Pittsburgh and M.A. from Wuhan University in China. Her major research interests include knowledge organization systems (taxonomy, thesaurus, ontology, etc), Linked Data, metadata and markup languages, database quality control, multilingual and multi-culture information processing, and digital libraries for cultural objects. Her scholarly publications consist of more than 70 papers and four books, as well as many national and international conference presentations. She was the P.I. and Co-P.I. of two National Science Foundation's (NSF) National Science Digital Library (NSDL) projects. She currently is the P.I. of an IMLS funded Linked Data project. She has chaired and served on standards committees and working groups for the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), Special Libraries Association (SLA), American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), the US National Information Standards Organization (NISO), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). She chaired IFLA Working Group on the Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records (FRSAR), served as a member of IFLA Working Group on Guidelines for Digital Libraries, which prepared the IFLA/UNESCO Digital Library Manifesto, an Invited Expert on the W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group, and a member of the EU ISA Program’s Asset Description Metadata Schema (ADMS) Working Group. She has been a Working Group member of the ISO 25964 Thesauri and Interoperability with Other Vocabularies. She currently serves as a member of the Executive Board of the International Society for Knowledge Organization (ISKO) and the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) Advisory Board. She is also Director-at-large of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T).